An arising roadmap to regulating sanitation services
Kate Medlicott( WHO), Yvonne Magawa( ESAWAS), Peter Mutale( NAWASCO), Chola Mbilima( NWASCO), Sam Drabble( WSUP), Mohammad Said Al Hmaidi( WSRC), Massa Antoine Traore( MoESSD, Mali), Jelena Krstić( MoEP, Serbia), Alyse Schrecongost( BMGF)
Upon the launch of the State of the World’s Sanitation report in 2020, WHO along with UNICEF, ESAWAS and BMGF participated a blog entitled “ Regulating sanitation services as a public good ”. That post outlined the service failures essential in a ménage- led retail- grounded approach to civic sanitation. It made the case that, if pretensions of addition and public health were to be achieved, governments demanded to draft and apply nonsupervisory and responsibility tools to commanded sanitation authorities and associated service providers. In summary
First, regulations can help to more link sanitation services to public health protections.
Second, as with public health regulation, profitable and performance regulation must concentrate on safe, inclusive service issues, irrespective of the structure used.
Eventually, when controllers and authorities operate within a well- structured policy and nonsupervisory terrain, it can increase business openings, attract private finance, and incentivize investment in invention for public health and inclusivity pretensions, and related pretensions including( for illustration) climate adaptability.
still, while the case for sanitation regulation is strong, in practice coherent regulation across the sanitation service chain is frequently absent or unenforced. In high-, middle- and low- income countries likewise, controllers( where they live) warrant autonomy, a clear legal base for their work, political will, budgets, and data systems needed to perform their function effectively. This is particularly universal innon-sewered service surrounds.
Changing this norm is complex, but it’s necessary, possible, and several countries offer exemplifications. Malaysia, Philippines, Japan, Zambia and Brazil are among the countries that offer a range of exemplifications of incipient, mature and constantly evolving approaches to regulating sanitation services from plot through disposal, in formal and informal communities, encompassing profitable, service quality, environmental and public health pretensions. This always involves collaboration across multiple government agencies, public service authorities, and private service providers.
In the intermediating times, WHO along with mates including ESAWAS, ADERASA and WSUP, have been learning from and supporting countries to identify threat- grounded precedences for regulation and applicable nonsupervisory mechanisms( Fig 1) following the sanitation safety planning approach.
Source link: https://www.who.int/