Lynparza plus abiraterone approved in the US for the treatment of BRCA-mutated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer
AstraZeneca and MSD’s Lynparza (olaparib) in combination with abiraterone and prednisone or prednisolone has been approved in the US for the treatment of adult patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious BRCA-mutated (BRCAm) metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC).
This approval was based on a subgroup analysis of the Phase III PROpel trial which showed that Lynparza plus abiraterone demonstrated highly clinically meaningful improvements in both radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS) (HR of 0.24, 95% CI, 0.12-0.45) and overall survival (OS) (HR of 0.30, 95% CI, 0.15-0.59) versus abiraterone alone in patients with BRCA mutations.1 Median rPFS and median OS were not reached for patients treated with Lynparza plus abiraterone versus a median of 8 months and 23 months, respectively, for those treated with abiraterone alone.
Prostate cancer is the second-most common cancer in men and despite an increase in the number of available therapies for patients with mCRPC, five-year survival remains low.2,3 Approximately 10% of patients with mCRPC have BRCA mutations, which is associated with poor prognosis and outcomes.4,5
Andrew Armstrong, MD, ScM, of the Duke Cancer Institute, Durham, North Carolina, US, and an investigator in the trial, said: “Preventing or delaying radiographic progression or death is an important clinical endpoint in assessing cancer treatment and is very important to patients, their caregivers and their families. The PROpel results showed the Lynparza combination demonstrated a notable clinically meaningful benefit that should rapidly be considered as the standard of care treatment for patients with BRCA-mutated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.”
Dave Fredrickson, Executive Vice President, Oncology Business Unit, AstraZeneca, said: “There is a critical unmet need for new first-line treatment options for patients with BRCA-mutated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and this approval underscores the importance of BRCA testing at metastatic diagnosis. We look forward to bringing the benefit of this Lynparza combination to patients earlier in their treatment.”
Eliav Barr, Senior Vice President, Head of Global Clinical Development and Chief Medical Officer, MSD Research Laboratories, said: “It is imperative that we create new ways to treat advanced cancers and help improve patient outcomes by building on the current standard of care. In PROpel, the Lynparza combination improved radiographic progression-free survival and overall survival for the subgroup of patients with BRCA-mutated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. This approval reinforces the importance of routine testing for genetic mutations at metastatic diagnosis to help guide clinical decisions.”
The safety and tolerability profile of Lynparza plus abiraterone in PROpel was in line with that observed in prior clinical trials and the known profiles of the individual medicines.
Lynparza in combination with abiraterone and prednisone or prednisolone is approved in the European Union (EU) and several other countries for the treatment of adult patients with mCRPC based on the PROpel trial.
Lynparza is already approved in the US based on results from the PROfound Phase III trial as monotherapy for patients with homologous recombination repair (HRR) gene-mutated mCRPC (BRCAm and other HRR gene mutations) who have progressed following prior treatment with enzalutamide or abiraterone; and in the EU, Japan, and China for patients with BRCAm mCRPC who have progressed following prior therapy that included a new hormonal agent.